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Beginnings of Red Run 12 Towns Drain

The Red Run has been around a long, long time
Northern Warren and surrounding communities were
still farming communities in the late 1950′s.
Oakland County was calling the shots for what
flowed thru Warren and Sterling Heights in Macomb.

Aerial photos
http://bit.ly/EarlyRedRun

~~~~~~~ Click with mouse to enlarge photo below ~~~~~~~~~~~~~

1958 Commissioner and Red Run

1958 Commissioner and Red Run

Red Run The last 100 years

Red Run The last 100 years

County Commissioners meet April 17

The Oakland County Board of Commissioners is
scheduled to meet on April 17, 2014,
and the $3 million expenditure is on page 17 of the agenda

http://www.oakgov.com/boc/Documents/agendas/boc_full/14_04_17.pdf

April 11, 2014
The following is the Agenda for the April 17, 2014
Board of Commissioners Meeting

Page 17 = REPORT April 17, 2014
BY: Planning and Building Committee, Jim Runestad, Chairperson
RE: MR #14064 – Evaluation of Alternatives to
Continued Utilization of the Detroit Water and Sewerage System (DWSD)
by Oakland County Government and Communities

To the Oakland County Board of Commissioners

BACK in 2007 the then Oakland County Drain Commissioner published
an extensive, 5 volume “Water and Wastewater Master Plan”
prepared by URS Engineers.
Volume 4 of the Master Plan is a 125 page “Alternatives Analysis.”

Why spend upwards of $3 million to update a study that already exists ?

A tip of the hat to http://dwsdupdate.blogspot.com/ for making folks aware of this

Understanding the Kuhn Weir

Focus on the word – WEIRNumber 1 – in the diagram below
Notice the I-75 highway in the picture. Lock visually onto Number 1, it’s important.

Overview Red Run Kuhn Retention Center

Overview Red Run Kuhn Retention Center

This part of the Red Run Drain is buried underground
You’ll see the I-75 Highway in the background.
Picture below says Detroit, it’s really Madison Heights, MI

Red Run Kuhn Drain GWK Drainage Project

Red Run Kuhn Drain GWK Drainage Project

Weir is a specific unique type of low small dam to control water by
not only obstructing it, but also by letting water flow over it.
The water collected behind the obstruction can be diverted elsewhere
and the water that spills over it can be directed as well.
Sometimes geometric shaped notches like a rectangle or v-shape
are used at the top of a weir to direct the thrust of the water.
It is a passive device, functioning strictly on water level.

By confining, restricting, directing the water to a narrow portion of the weir,
via a notch, v-shape, etc. ; the weir equations are a bit easier to figure out
and give more accurate results because of inevitable errors in measuring
the large cross sectional area of wide, shallow, streams and rivers.

If someone had a stream running through a property and they
wanted to create a pond, they would install a weir.
The water would back up the flow until the desired pond level was reached,
and then any excess would overflow needing a directional channel.

~~~~~~~~~~~ click with mouse to enlarge ~~~~~~~~~~~~

SIMPLIFIED view :

Weir Control Device

Weir Control Device

Weir slots

Weir slots

In dry weather, runoff from 27 square miles across 14 communities
is routed to the Detroit Wastewater Treatment Plant via a pipe
at 12 Mile and Stephenson
— where the WEIR is located.

When very heavy continual rain causes some sewage
from those multiple communities in Oakland County
(over 90 percent of which is actually storm water)
to exceed the physical capacity to Detroit,
the excess flow tops a weir
and is diverted to the 2.2-mile-long underground GWK basin.
The G.W.Kuhn is a Retention facility, it only temporarily holds water a few hours.
Here the solid waste is thoroughly separated and removed.
The water gets pumped back to Detroit.
The Kuhn Retention Basin is in Madison Heights, Oakland County.
Dequindre Road is the physical county boundary.

Overview Map Red Run Kuhn Retention facility

Overview Map Red Run Kuhn Retention facility

Low Flow – Red Run meandering below Ryan Road in Warren, MI

Low flow Red Run

Low flow Red Run

High Flow – Red Run very strongly flowing under Ryan Road Bridge in Warren, MI

High Water Red Run Drain Ryan Road

High Water Red Run Drain Ryan Road

If the volume is so high that it tops the second weir,
the excess is disinfected by carefully controlled amounts
of sodium hypochlorite, similar to swimming pool chlorine
or household bleach. The chemical is dispensed through
plastic pipes and titanium pumps connected to eight tanks
in a secure room, with each tank holding 18,000 gallons.

From there the water, now clean, heads toward Dequindre.
If it tops the third weir, it’s back to Lake St. Clair
via the Red Run Drain, a tributary of the Clinton River.
And from there it’s off to the Great Lakes.

Conner Creek and Red Run connection

Delaware Indians, in the mid 1780′s escaping from marauding
American militia, sought refuge along the
Clinton River on land granted by the Chippewa.

Clarence M. Burton the prominent historian stated
“A band of Moravians went to Gnaden-huetten”
(a settlement just west of Mt Clemens
on the bank of the Clinton River)
“in the spring of 1782 to collect corn they
had planted the previous fall.”

A road was needed because the ground
was often too muddy for wagons filled with
grain to be sent to the mill in Detroit.
By 1786 this group of Moravian Indians
had built the first inland road in Michigan
in order to carry their wheat
to the mill on Tremble Creek.

It ran 23 and one half miles from what is now
Southwest Mt. Clemens along the south branch
of the Clinton River, along Red Run,
then heading south along Bear Creek
down what is now Sherwood,
then Southeast along Connor
which was along Tremble’s Creek
now Connor’s Creek to Tremble’s mill.

At the point where 10 mile road crossed
this old trail road; Kunrod’s Corners was
established which eventually lead to the
creation of Center Line.

The trail road is a legacy left to American pioneers
after their tribe had been brutally massacred by the Americans.
The first settlers may have followed this plank road
that the Indians had built along the
Red Run Creek to a higher spot near what is now Mound Road.

Red Run Drain Map Clinton River

Red Run Drain Map Clinton River

Conner Creek Bear Creek Warren

Conner Creek Bear Creek Warren

Conner Creek Bike Path

Conner Creek Bike Path

Origin of Karegnondi name

Excerpt from MACDC Pipeline magazine article
By Theresa Lark and Jeff Hammer

Karegnondi Map Cartography

Karegnondi Map Cartography

WHAT’S IN A NAME?
The native Huron-Petun (later known as Wyandot)
people referred to Lake Huron as Karegnondi,
translated as “big lake.” Cartographer Nicolas
Sanson’s 1656 map of the territory bears that name
for the “fresh water sea” encountered by French
explorers. Karegnondi bridges the centuries to
honor that early heritage.

Karegnondi Pipeline for Macomb and Oakland Counties
might be the ticket away from reliance on DWSD.

Lake Huron Water

Lake Huron Water

KWA Pipeline

KWA Pipeline

PCB in Red Run Clinton River 2014

Every two years, the MDEQ, WRD, prepares and submits an
Integrated Report to the United States Environmental
Protection Agency to satisfy the listing requirements
and the reporting requirements of
the federal Clean Water Act.
- Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ)
- Water Resources Division (WRD)

Even in 2014 the Red Run and Clinton River still have
noticeable issues with PCBs in the water column.

An HUC code is the Hydrological Unit Code
The TMDL is the Total Maximum Daily Loads

http://water.usgs.gov/lookup/getwatershed?04090003/www/cgi-bin/lookup/getwatershed

~~~~~~~~~~ click with mouse to enlarge ~~~~~~~~

HUC codes Clinton River

HUC codes Clinton River

Red Run PCB in Water Column 2014

Red Run PCB in Water Column 2014

The draft 2014 Integrated Report is available at
http://www.michigan.gov/deqwater
or by contacting
Denise Page at 517-284-5523 or paged@michigan.gov.

Questions may be submitted to Kevin Goodwin,MDEQ, WRD,
525 West Allegan Street,
P.O. Box 30458,
Lansing, Michigan 48909-7958,
or e-mail at goodwink@michigan.gov
Information Contact: Kevin Goodwin at 517-284-5552.

Red Run 2010 Report

Red Run 2010 Report

Macomb County Drinking Water supply ?

A recent bond deal from Karegnondi Water Authority,
which includes Genesee, Lapeer and Sanilac counties,
was one the largest in the state of Michigan.
How will Macomb County residents get their drinking water ?

Flint had (past tense) bought treated water from Detroit
and that represented approximately 5% of DWSD revenue.
Due to geographic distances, Flint and Genesee County
paid higher rates for the Detroit water supply.

Kevin Orr plans to stay on track by exiting in September,
when he can be removed from his post by the city council.

Investors in Detroit Water and Sewage Bonds:

Guy Davidson
- Director of munis at AllianceBernstein
Holding LP in New York.
Davidson watches over $30 Billion,
a portion of which is invested in DWSD bonds

Robert DiMella
- Head of MacKay Municipal Managers
in Princeton, New Jersey.
DiMella oversees about $7.5 billion,
some of which is invested in DWSD bonds

Anthony Marrocco, Macomb County public works commissioner,
doesn’t appear bothered by Orr’s pursuit
of a potential private operator.
Anothy Marrocco is quoted by a Bloomberg News report
“We’re going to have our service regardless
of who’s going to be in charge of the DWSD”

What does that exactly mean to residents of Macomb
is anybodys guess as Marrocco has been pretty quiet
lately regarding the whole mess.
Quite often it appears that Oakland County is the
Big Dog that wags its tail as Macomb merely follows along.

Oakland County hired law firm Carson Fischer PLC
to represent it in talks about the Great Lakes agency proposal.
Oakland County is prepared to pay $3 million
of which $500,000 will be used immediately to explore options.

How much Macomb County “may” spend seems to be a secret !

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Macomb County Drinking Water

Macomb County Drinking Water

Will Oakland/Macomb look North for H2O ?

There will be a new water intake facility on Lake Huron
and over 60 miles of pipeline, referred to as the
Karegnondi Water Authority for Genessee County and Flint.

~~~ click to enlarge ~~~

KWA Pipeline

KWA Pipeline

Will the counties of Oakland and Macomb tap in as well ?
A new intake will add overcapacity;
hence clean water availability from the north.
This would effectively cut reliance and payments to DWSD.

Flint will be relying on its own
water treatment plant and water drawn
from the Flint River as early as April 17, 2014.

KWA completed its $220 million bond sale a few days ago.
Debt maturation date is set to November 2043
priced to yield 4.89 percent.
The securities are rated A2 by Moody’s Investor Service

~~~ click to enlarge ~~~

Lake Huron Water

Lake Huron Water

Wastewater capacity for Warren

How does Warren, Michigan compare to the rest of the country ?
The average domestic residential water use per person
in the U.S.A. is approx. 90 gallon per day.
Outdoor water use is one of the reasons for
the high domestic water use in the U.S.A.
About 60% of domestic water use is for pools,
gardening, washing cars and recreational equipment.
The other 40% is indoor use like toilets,
baths, showers, washing clothes.
These are approximations, averages,
educated guesses and there are
regional differences in the USA.
A short 5-minute shower uses between
25 – 50 gallons of water.
That’s comparable to washing a load of clothes.
http://water.usgs.gov/edu/qa-home-percapita.html

About 97% of the Earth’s water is undrinkable.
Another two percent is tied up in glaciers and ice caps.
The remaining one percent is left for us.
Be very, very happy you live in Michigan.

It’s easy to see how 100,000 residential people using
50 gallons a day dumped into the sewer system;
need a Waste Water Treatment Plant
being able to handle 5 MILLION gallons a day.
The reality is that indoor usage is probably closer
to 75 gallons a day for 7.5 MILLION gallons a day.
Industry has a complete different classification
with its own set of rules and regulations.

The City of Warren Waste Water Treatment Plant
has a capacity around 36 MILLION gallons a day.

City of Warren Wastewater Treatment Plant discharges
Blended Effluent – when it can’t keep up .

—- click with mouse to enlarge ———-

Blended Effluent

Blended Effluent

“City of Warren also experiences considerable
infiltration and inflow into the sanitary sewers,
which could increase the normal daily flow
of about 30 mgd to over 150 mgd. ”
mgd = millions of gallons per day

Folks, that is a ~ 5 fold increase ~
in the amount of water — due to rain events.

As seen in the 2003 Detroit Water and
Sewerage Department report

http://www.dwsd.org/downloads_n/about_dwsd/masterplan_wastewater/volume1

Fouts has written letters to U.S. Rep Sander Levin
requesting federal aid. He specifically asked
for Levin’s help in securing financial assistance
as Warren attempts to upgrade its
“50-year-old antiquated infrastructure that
cannot handle large volumes of water in a short time.”
Fouts called on Levin to initiate legislation to
afford special appropriations to older communities,
including Warren, “whose sewer capacity
is inadequate for situations like this.”

Warren has “””special permits””” not used by other facilities in Michigan

http://www.deq.state.mi.us/csosso/event_info.asp?optEvent=14941&cmdSubmit=View+Selected+Event

IN THE MONTH OF APRIL, last year

Reporting Entity: Warren
Event Type: SSO
Notification Date/Time: 4/12/2013 – 1:53:00 PM
Event Start Date/Time: 4/12/2013 – 8:37:00 AM
Event End Date/Time: 4/13/2013 – 6:24:00 AM
Volume: 23.57 MG …that is 23 Million gallons
Characterization: The discharge was reported per statutory requirements.
Precipitation Type: Rain
Precipitation Amount: 2.81
Precipitation Start Date: 4/8/2013 – 1:50:00 PM
Precipitation End Date: 4/12/2013 – 6:32:00 AM
Reason For Discharge: Rain caused retention basin to overflow
Entity Actions to Stop/Min Discharge: Pumped maximum flow through WWTP
Discharge Locations:
Outfall Description: Blended effluent….
Outfall Location: Outfall 001C
Receiving Water: Red Run Drain (tributary to Clinton River)
Land Impacted: None
Volume from this Outfall: 23.57 Million Gallons
Discharge Water Quality: Blended….
Outfall Discharge Start: 4/12/2013 – 8:37:00 AM
Outfall Discharge End: 4/13/2013 – 6:24:00 AM
Actions by MDEQ: NPDES permit contains schedule to eliminate blending

Schedule of Compliance:
The NPDES permit requires construction of all SSO projects
to be completed by December 1, 2016

EnviroMix and Warren, Michigan

EnviroMix technology will be utilized as part of an
energy savings performance contract (ESPC)
with the City of Warren, Michigan,
at the Warren Wastewater Treatment Plant.

The 36 million gallon per day wastewater treatment facility
will be upgraded to provide a biological phosphorus removal
(BPR) process
in lieu of the existing chemical phosphorus removal.

EnviroMix technology involves mixing
anoxic and anaerobic biological treatment cells
within the current footprint of the operating process.
The BioMix system is expected to be operational
during the second quarter, 2014.
The solution offered by EnviroMix reduced capital
and installation costs and will also reduce
the load to 15 horsepower.

http://www.enviro-mix.com/video.php

Phosphorus expelled in wastewater leads to
algal blooming, excessive aguatic growth and oxygen depletion.
They are classified in the phyla:
diatoms, chlorophyta, euglenophyta, dinoflagellata,
chrysophyta, phaeophyta, rhodophyta

Algae are often referred to as plant-like organisms
but do not have true roots, stems, leaves, vascular tissue.
Algae have chlorophyll and can manufacture their own food
through the process of photosynthesis.

EnviroMix technology

EnviroMix technology

Elevation and basements

People often “forget” or simply don’t think much
of the pipes flowing in/out of their basements.
Do you happen to know the elevation of your driveway,
your patio, or the slab of concrete in your basement ?
Even Lake Erie is 571 feet above sea level.
Most of Warren,MI is around 620, 630 ft above sea level.
Water must be made to flow ~ somewhere ~ otherwise
it merely pools, puddles, collects wherever it can.

~~~~~~ click on pics to enlarge ~~~~~~~~~

Typical House

Typical House


City of Warren storm drain

City of Warren storm drain

METCO studied the underground drainage piping in Warren.
The City of Warren is basically flat, somewhere around 620 ft elevation
The underground piping is approximately in the 600 to 610 ft range.
Keep in mind 1 mile = 5,280 ft and the water has to flow 1,000′s of feet.
Start at Zero 0 – 5,280 ft – 10,560 ft – 15,840 ft – 21,120 ft
Sewage Water has to flow via gravity , or otherwise
be pumped for miles, to be treated at a facility.

~~~~~~ click on pics to enlarge ~~~~~~~~~

Items labeled PCI5, PCI6, PCI7 are various parts
of the much larger entire Interceptor Project

Ground Level Interceptor OMID

Ground Level Interceptor OMID


Interceptor Warren Michigan area

Interceptor Warren Michigan area

Underground Ryan Road Red Run Bridge

Underground Ryan Road Red Run Bridge


Flood Plain Elevation Red Run Bridge

Flood Plain Elevation Red Run Bridge

Anyone can pull the elevation maps for their neighborhood by using
the FlexViewer GIS Map from Macomb County.

http://gis.macombgov.org/flexviewer2

Then click on Layers, Natural Features, Contours
FlexViewer does so much more than most people imagine.

Warren North

Warren North


Warren Middle

Warren Middle


Warren South

Warren South


Catch basin for sand, dirt, debris

Catch basin for sand, dirt, debris


Typical house piping layout

Typical house piping layout

April Showers in Warren 2014

The metropolitan Detroit area has endured one the
coldest winters of the last few decades.
Even the ground for opening day at Comerica Park is frozen.

April last year (2013) was extremely wet.
Many areas were 5 to 8 inches ~above~ the normal rainfall.
Michigan averages 2.5 to 3 inches precipitation in April.
Frozen ground simply won’t let the rain drip down into it.

If a lot of rain falls, and the ground is still frozen,
plan on some flooding to occur around town in April 2014.
Gardeners plan on the possibility of getting frost
into late April and even the first week of May for
the Warren, Michigan vicinity.

Puddle

Puddle

Last Freeze Dates USA

Last Freeze Dates USA

Manhole access and maintenance

The underground infrastructure needs routine maintenance.
Access exists to clean out debris when there is NO crisis,
as part of the general operations of the system.
It is to be expected to be done on a continual schedule,
with monies set aside specifically for that intended purpose.
There should not be a unique event celebrating the job.

Call the city and the county to make sure your neighborhood
is properly maintained this year to prevent flooding issues.

Manhole access point

Manhole access point

All the debris from those patched potholes, along with
what the snowplows pushed into piles, now becomes a
problem for the stormdrains all around town.
Eventually that debris builds up down there, and it needs
maintenance , for smooth continuous flow of rain water.

Street grates

Street grates

When the catch basin are clogged; the water begins to back up,
and instead of flowing away from the area, it begins to saturate
the ground, infiltrating into any crack, seam, hole, that exists.
A domino effect occurs, where everything in the vicinity gets hit.

What occurs underground is just as important, if not even more so,
than what you see above ground in the street. Those street sweepers
exist for a great reason. They help to prevent future problems.
You and your neighbors can help themselves, by occasionally sweeping
the street in front of your homes, and disposing of the debris.

Catch basin for sand, dirt, debris

Catch basin for sand, dirt, debris


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Street sweeper

Street sweeper

Don’t wait until a crisis occurs, be pro-active, instead of re-active.
Taxes get used in many ways, and when maintenance doesn’t get done,
-residents start to pay out of pocket – i.e. they pay twice.

DWSD as American Water Company

The Detroit Water and Sewage Department ~may~ have to operate
alongside the American Water Company according to Kevin Orr.

The American Water Company already operates in the
State of Michigan , so it is not a newcomer.
http://www.amwater.com/miaw/

Kevin Orr spoke to this fact on Sunday March 16, 2014
as Devin Scillian spoke to him on the FlashPoint show.
http://www.clickondetroit.com/news/politics/flashpoint/1718960

About Michigan American Water :
Michigan American Water, a wholly owned subsidiary of
American Water (NYSE: AWK), provides high-quality and
reliable water services to more than 10,000 people.
Founded in 1886, American Water is the largest
publicly traded U.S. water and wastewater utility company.
With headquarters in Voorhees, N.J., the company employs
approximately 6,700 dedicated professionals who provide
drinking water, wastewater and other related services.

~~~~~~ click to enlarge ~~~~~~~~

American Water customer base

American Water customer base

~~~~~~ click to enlarge ~~~~~~~~

Michigan American Water

Michigan American Water

SideNote
Michigan state representative Kurt Heise (R-20th District)
introduced a bill in late January calling for the creation
of a new regional water authority to oversee the DWSD’s assets.
One representative in each of the 126 municipal governments
in the DWSD’s service area would be appointed to the
authority’s board, giving Detroit the same representation
as each of the DWSD’s suburban customers.
The board would also have a 13-member executive committee,
of which Detroit’s representative would be a permanent member.
Detroit would maintain ownership of its water and
wastewater treatment facilities and infrastructure.

Standing Water on Roads

WHY is there soooo much standing water on the roads in March
as we drive around greater metropolitan Detroit Michigan ?
Perhaps it’s because they were built with improper drainage capability.

Road Storm Drainage Systems

Road Storm Drainage Systems

It’s easy to make a road; but a whole lot tougher to connect it
repeatedly to underground drainage network via multiple stormdrains.

MDOT is forced to work with County DRAIN commissioners as
roads are maintained, upgraded, and overhauled in the state.

Design Construction gravity sewers

Design Construction gravity sewers

No drainage = standing water. Puddles freeze at night in March.
That puddle in the right lane = ice forcing concrete open = potholes

The 2 percent drainage slope

The 2 percent drainage slope

Public Works Commissioner:
A statutory officer elected every four years.
S/he is responsible for the administration of the
Drain Code of 1956, as amended.
The duties of the Public Works Commissioner
include the construction and maintenance of County drains,
determining drainage districts, apportioning costs of drains
among property owners, and receiving bids and awarding
contracts for drain construction.
The Public Works Commissioner also approves drainage in subdivisions.
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Watersheds Macomb County

Watersheds Macomb County


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Road storm drainage

Road storm drainage

Red Run 30 year contract in 2014

Contracts between Oakland County and Macomb County
via the Detroit Water and Sewage Department for stormwater
How does this fit into a Regional Water Authority
and who exactly pays the bill ?
When and if The Great Lakes Water and Sewer Authority (GLWA)
ever occurs, how does the lease operate for Warren, Michigan ?

Oakland County stormwater and CSO flows into the Clinton River
(via the Red Run in Warren,MI) and dumps into Lake St. Clair.

~~~~~~~~~~ click to enlarge ~~~~~~~~

Red Run Water Service Contract

Red Run Water Service Contract

Agenda of January 21, 2014
Item No. 13-0569
Amount: Revenue Contract Amendment No. 2

TO: The Honorable
Board of Water Commissioners
City of Detroit, Michigan

FROM: Sue F. McCormick, Director
Water and Sewerage Department

DATE: January 21, 2014

https://dwsd.legistar.com/LegislationDetail.aspx?ID=1611720&GUID=F9A4DA58-0287-4250-AF3F-51B6E6FEDB32

RE: Proposed Amendment No. 2 to
Water Service Contract with
George W. Kuhn Drainage District

MOTION: Upon recommendation of Sue F. McCormick, Director,
the Board of Water Commissioners authorizes the Director,
upon approval and execution by the wholesale water customer,
to execute Amendment No. 2 to the 30-year water
service contract with the George W. Kuhn Drainage District
.
This Amendment will amend the terms of the existing
water service contract between the parties,
and also authorizes the Director to take such other action as
may be necessary to accomplish the intent of this vote.

Red Run Combined Sewer Areas

Red Run Combined Sewer Areas

            

It is therefore requested that the Board of Water Commissioners
authorize the Director to enter into this contract amendment.

BACKGROUND

On November 19, 2013,
the George W. Kuhn Drainage District (“Customer”)
Board agreed to the terms of Amendment No. 2 (“Amendment”)
to the Water Service Contract with the City of Detroit.

This Amendment is the second of several regularly occurring
amendments as mandated by the terms of the standard
30-year water service contracts with DWSD’s wholesale customers.
Pursuant to Section 5.07 of the contract, DWSD
and the Customer agree to affirm or modify the
projected annual volume, pressure range,
and maximum day and peak hour values
(collectively, the “Values”) at year 2 of the contract,
year 5 of the contract, and every 5 years thereafter.
In this Amendment, the Customer has agreed to modify
the Values for the 2014 to 2018 period as
stated in the attached Exhibit B.

In addition, this Amendment incorporates new or
modified contract language that was negotiated
in October 2011 by DWSD through the
Technical Advisory Committee outreach process to
address several contract provisions that DWSD
and its customers believed required expansion
and clarification.
The language set forth in this Amendment
is identical to the language proposed in the
24 amendments that were approved by the
Board of Water Commissioners in February 2013.

The substantive changes are summarized as follows:

Article 1:
Establishes a new defined term, “Allocation Flow Rate”,
for a process that existed under the previous contract language,
but was not specifically defined.

Article 5:
The bulk of the modifications occur in this section.
In summary, the modifications provide:

a. Revised time lines throughout the section
to conform to actual practice;
b. A new time line for the annual notification of any
alleged customer violation of the maximum flow rate;
c. For the establishment of a meeting procedure to
validate an alleged flow rate violation and negotiate a remedy;
d. Clear guidelines for work group review and
recommendation on all flow rate violations;
e. Assurance that DWSD and the customer have the
right to present all relevant information during
the flow rate violation review process;
f. For the utilization of the new defined term,
“Allocation Flow Rate”, to describe a
previously existing process; and
g. For DWSD to apply the remedy for a flow rate violation
from the date of the first violation or some subsequent date.

Article 21:
Adds a mandate for DWSD review of customer construction
that may impact DWSD infrastructure.

This Amendment will amend the terms of the
existing water service contract between DWSD
and the Customer

~~~~~~~~~~ click to enlarge ~~~~~~~~

A 30 year water service contract

A 30 year water service contract


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Red Run was a Federal Project 1970

The Red Run in Warren as we know it today came about
via the USA Federal Flood Control Act of 1970.
Make no mistake about it.
The USA House of Representatives Document # 91-431
via Chief Engineer of the United States Army Corps of Engineering.

Back in 1970 , the sum of $40 Million was allocated to the project.
Inflation calculators peg $1 worth of 1970 dollars is now worth $6.00
It was a very expensive project, way beyond any local cities budget.

Oakland and Macomb Counties along with SEMCOG, would do well to
create an interconnected multi-use trail along the access path.
The area would benefit from Eco-Tourism by drawing in people
and keeping local residents from constantly travelling elsewhere.

~–~~–~ click to enlarge pics shown below ~–~~–~

Red Run as Flood Control Act 1970

Red Run as Flood Control Act 1970

1970 Flood Control Act

1970 Flood Control Act

Red Run The last 100 years

Red Run The last 100 years

Overview Map Red Run Kuhn Retention facility

Overview Map Red Run Kuhn Retention facility

George Kuhn Retention Treatment Basin

George Kuhn Retention Treatment Basin

Old Time Red Run #1

Old Time Red Run #1

Old Time Red Run #2

Old Time Red Run #2

References :

http://planning.usace.army.mil/toolbox/library/PL/RHA1970.pdf

http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/STATUTE-84/pdf/STATUTE-84-Pg1818.pdf

Red Run Federal Involvement

Red Run Federal Involvement

Warren’s Sewer Map

The plan for the City of Warren via METCO studies in 2012 :

~-~~-~~-~~-~ click on the images to enlarge ~-~~-~~-~~-~

City of Warren Sewer System

City of Warren Sewer System


Warren Michigan Sewer System

Warren Michigan Sewer System


Sewer Overflow Plan

Sewer Overflow Plan

METCO Services will pay Warren $1,099 per month (starting Jan. 2014)
for five years to use just over 1,000 square feet of space
at the Water Division building on Stephens Road near
Schoenherr, according to lease documents.

James VanHavermaat was Vice-President of Engineering for METCO.
He supervised the design and construction of wastewater
pumping systems, collection systems, wastewater odor control facilities,
and watermains – in the City of Warren.

Warren City Council just voted 5-2 on March 12, 2013 to approve a
3 year engineering contract with…. Metco Services, Inc.

Remember this story about James VanHavermaat and Warren ?
http://www.macombdaily.com/article/20130326/NEWS01/130329624/pay-raise-proposed-for-warren-engineer-2-weeks-after-hiring#2

~Anthony Marrocco and Steenbergh served together on the
county Board of Commissioners in the 1980s.
~Steenberghs first day on the job was Oct. 31,2011
Anthony Marrocco and Deputy Public Works Commissioner Gene Schabath
are the only ones allowed to comment on matters concerning Steenberghs hiring.
Steenbergh’s hiring was handled via the county Human Resources Department.
~ Steenbergh ~ In his new position will act as a liaison to local officials,
the media and the public on issues related
to the
Oakland-Macomb Interceptor: sewer rates and rate increases,
fees, capital improvements, state/federal grants, and general concerns.

Underground Pipes and Frozen Ground

As February 2014 draws to a close, the weather will get ice cold
and the State of Michigan is concerned about the frozen ground.

Underground items get disturbed as very heavy tractor trailer loads
take a massive toll on the roads, bridges, overpasses, etc.

Winter melt water and early spring storms are forced into the
drainage network since the frozen ground rejects seepage.
The quality of the “fill” material around pipes is also very important.

MDOT Frost Depth 2014

MDOT Frost Depth 2014

Cracks in Concrete Sewer Pipes

Cracks in Concrete Sewer Pipes

Water Pressure in Concrete Pipes

Water Pressure in Concrete Pipes

Voids in Concrete Sewer Pipe

Voids in Concrete Sewer Pipe

Large Voids in Concrete Sewer Pipes

Large Voids in Concrete Sewer Pipes

Collapse of Concrete Sewer Pipes

Collapse of Concrete Sewer Pipes

Flood Advisory Feb. 20, 2014

FLOOD ADVISORY
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE DETROIT/PONTIAC MI
548 PM EST THU FEB 20, 2014

THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE IN DETROIT/PONTIAC HAS ISSUED AN

* URBAN AND SMALL STREAM FLOOD ADVISORY FOR
RAIN AND MELTING SNOW IN…

MACOMB COUNTY IN SOUTHEAST MICHIGAN…

OAKLAND COUNTY IN SOUTHEAST MICHIGAN…

WAYNE COUNTY IN SOUTHEAST MICHIGAN…

* UNTIL 1130 PM EST

Red Run Flood Advisory Feb 20,  2014

Red Run Flood Advisory Feb 20 , 2014


Gauge Location Clinton River

Gauge Location Clinton River

A slushy President’s week 2014

Get ready for the melted slush and rainfall upon a
frozen ground layer, leaving the water no place to go,
but inside the stormwater drainage systems.
LOTS of salt mixed into those snow piles too, all over town !

Washington’s Birthday, also known as Presidents’ Day,
is a federal holiday held on the third Monday of February.

Michigan frost line depth calls for construction folks
to place footings and posts at 42 inches below grade.
This year it may have frozen to 4ft down (48 inches)

NOAA is predicting 5 days of temps above freezing

Tuesday ——– sunny skies, with high near 37.
Wednesday — mostly sunny, with a high near 38
Thursday ——- cloudy, rainy, with a high near 41
Friday ———– mostly sunny, with a high near 36
Saturday ——- partly sunny, with a high near 33

Slush

Slush

Remember, that Oakland County’s rainfall, snowmelt, etc.
becomes our problem as it flows to Lake St. Clair via
the Kuhn Retention Basin and Red Run – it’s all intertwined.

Warren Michigan Water Sewer Drain Systems Map

Warren Michigan Water Sewer Drain Systems Map


Red Run watershed

Red Run watershed


Red Run assessment roll 2010-2014

Red Run assessment roll 2010-2014

Scary special meeting about DWSD

The first meeting of 10 county commissioners (elected legislators)
from Wayne, Oakland and Macomb counties took place Tuesday Feb 11 2014
to discuss the Great Lakes Water Authority .

~~~~~~ click with mouse on pictures to enlarge, see more detail ~~~~~~~~~

DWSD and Regional Water Authority

DWSD and Regional Water Authority

http://www.freep.com/article/20140212/NEWS05/302120030/detroit-water-deal-macomb-oakland-wayne

Our clean drinking water from Port Huron and the Belle Isle intake
flows along these water pipelines. Who will be in charge for the future ?

Clean Drinking Water Lake Huron

Clean Drinking Water Lake Huron


DWSD Contract WS622

DWSD Contract WS622

How will these quilt of sewage agreements evolve ?

SouthEast Michigan Sewage Districts

SouthEast Michigan Sewage Districts

How will it all be accurately measured, monitored and
proper billing be maintained to the ordinary residents ?

SCADA Detroit Michigan

SCADA Detroit Michigan

Oakland County most desperately NEEDS the City of Warren and the
Red Run Drain to empty itself of stormwater during weather events.
Will the City of Warren benefit from the large open “channel” ?

Overview Map Red Run Kuhn Retention facility

Overview Map Red Run Kuhn Retention facility


Red Run Combined Sewer Areas 2010

Red Run Combined Sewer Areas 2010

The water from the Oakland Mall area has to go someplace
when it rains and the snow piles melt .

Oakland Mall area

Oakland Mall area


Water Bodies in Warren from MDOT

Water Bodies in Warren from MDOT

The Clinton River is driven by Storm Water run off
A mere 1 inch rainfall .. on 1000 sq ft
= 623 gallons of water that has to go “somewhere”

Red Run Ryan Road USGS gauge

Red Run Ryan Road USGS gauge

RedRun overflow via Kuhn Drain

Drain overflow alarms Macomb County officials
By Elizabeth A. Katz, Journal Register News Service
Posted: 09/28/08, 12:00 AM EDT

A walk back into history – not that long ago…

The George W. Kuhn Drain in Madison Heights,
Michigan’s largest retention basin and
water treatment center, was expanded in 2005
at a cost of $132 million.
Capacity of the basins was increased to
130 million gallons of storm water and
sewage that could be retained and treated.

But this expansion wasn’t enough to prevent an
overflow discharge of 1.16 million gallons
of a treated combination of sewage and rain water

into the Red Run Drain when rain poured
relentlessly over the area the weekend of Sept. 13-14.

That overflow was then discharged into the
Clinton River watershed and eventually
into Lake St. Clair, the main source of
drinking water for millions in southeastern Michigan.

According to the Michigan Department of
Environmental Quality, however, the amount of
fecal coliform found in that discharge was
compliant with National Pollutant Discharge
Elimination System standards.

“The storm itself was a 25-year storm,” said Tim Prince,
chief engineer for operations and maintenance for
the Oakland County Drain Commission.
“I will say that it’s a significant volume
of water and it’s very unusual.”

The discharge, however, concerns Macomb County officials,
considering that a similar discharge of about
1 billion gallons flowed into
Lake St. Clair in 1994 from what was then the
Twelve Towns Drain, which effectively closed
the entire shoreline for the summer.

The Macomb County Health Department reports that the
discharge from Sept. 13-14 rains coincided with
beach closures at Blossom Heath and Memorial parks
in St. Clair Shores and Burke Park in New Baltimore
from Sept. 15 until Sept. 17.
Stephen Lichota, associate director of environmental
health services for Macomb County, said that New Baltimore
beach remained closed as of Sept. 22 because of the discharge.
Metro Beach in Harrison Township,
the largest public access to the lake, remained open.

Lichota said there is always a concern that exists
when overflows occur, but residents in any county
need to be aware that what they put on the ground,
such as fertilizers, and what they may dump into
street sewer drains ends up in the retention basins.

The Twelve Towns Drain was renamed the George W. Kuhn Drain
in 2006 in honor of the former Oakland County Drain Commissioner.
It serves an area of 24,500 acres within 14 Oakland County communities.

The DEQ noted that total rainfall was almost
five inches over the Sept. 13 weekend
with a total spill duration of 23 hours.

Prince said the Kuhn Drain is a combined sewer
overflow district, meaning that sanitary sewers
and storm water are connected to the drain.
Water and sewage is treated through a
chlorination system that kills the
bacteria and small and large debris is screened out.
It is then released into the Red Run Drain.

“Everything was in compliance”
with the DEQ, Prince said.

Prince said the updated system has eliminated
approximately three overflows per year –
or a total of 12 overflows since updates
were completed in 2005.
Rain several weekends ago overtaxed the system.

Doug Martz, chairman of the Macomb County Water
Quality Board, said he’s glad that improvements
have been made to the Kuhn Drain, but ideally,
he’d like to see the elimination of all overflow discharges.

A Harrison Township resident and St. Clair Channelkeeper,
Martz formed the citizen action group Sludge Busters
in 1994 in reaction to the Macomb County beach closures.
He was then appointed to the Water Quality Board,
which reports to the Macomb County Board of Commissioners.

Martz said the Water Quality Board will hold its
regularly scheduled meeting on Oct. 7 with
the Kuhn Drain’s overflow discharge issue on the agenda.

Warren’s Watershed District Map

Warren can let everyone see the sewage drainage maps using
the GIS systems via Esri, ARC viewer, etc.
http://readwrite.com/2014/02/10/esri-enable-thousands-government-agencies-open-gis-data-public#awesm=~ovB6W8Dhj5JCve

How often they get cleaned via sewer jetting and what sort
of maintenance the drains receive is a another story.

The Bear Creek Inter-County Drain Drainage District
was a special purpose public corporation Regulatory Authority
via Anthony V. Marrocco & John P. McCulloch.
There even was an entity called a “”Channel Keeper“”

The most searched item on this blog – maps !
Where does the water go, what does it connect to, etc., etc. ?

Back in the early 2000′s, a LOT of effort was put forth
regarding water drainage in the Warren, Michigan area.
Since that time, the info valve has been quiet, non-existent.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~ click on pics to enlarge them ~~~~~~~~~~~

Warren Michigan Water Sewer Drain Systems Map

Warren Michigan Water Sewer Drain Systems Map

They even put scuba divers into manholes

Bear Creek Diver Manhole

Bear Creek Diver Manhole

Bear Creek intercounty drain work

Bear Creek intercounty drain work

Bear Creek Open Drain Warren Michigan

Bear Creek Open Drain Warren Michigan

Bear Creek Enclosed Drain Warren Michigan

Bear Creek Enclosed Drain Warren Michigan

Analysis, investigations, reports were generated

Bear Creek Watershed Investigations

Bear Creek Watershed Investigations

Bear Creek Channel Keeper 2003

Bear Creek Channel Keeper 2003

Bear Creek Drain Issues Map

Bear Creek Drain Issues Map

Bear Creek Sediment Map Warren Michigan

Bear Creek Sediment Map Warren Michigan

Bear Creek HOT Drains Warren Michigan

Bear Creek Wet Weather October 2002

12 Mile Rd Sewer project Warren, MI

CITY OF WARREN
SANITARY RELIEF SEWER AND WATERMAIN PROJECT:
LOCATION: 12 Mile Road between Newport Drive and St. Edmund Drive
http://binged.it/1bOK9eA

CLOSURE START DATE: February 6, 2014
ESTIMATED OPEN DATE: December 2014 (Exact Date TBD).

It’s a Metco Project
http://www.metcoservices.com/images/stories/documents/WASTEWATER-COLLECTION-SYSTEM-IMPROVEMENT-PROJECTS/Project1-COW-10-and-12-mile-relief-sewer.pdf

DESCRIPTION: Extension of new 18” – 48” Sanitary Relief Sewer
along the center of 12 Mile Road and
12” Watermain along the South side of 12 Mile Road.

John Crumm, AICP
Director of Planning
Macomb County Department of Roads
117 S. Groesbeck Hwy.
Mt. Clemens, MI 48043
jcrumm@rcmcweb.org
(586) 463-1982

MACOMB COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF ROADS
CONSTRUCTION UPDATES EFFECTIVE FEBRUARY 7, 2014

Gravity Sewer Systems

Wade Trim has done a lot of water/sewage work around Warren, MI.
They put together some great illustrations of gravity drainage systems.
Warren grew rapidly in the late 1950′s and early 1960′s.
Warren used to be farm country, now it is paved over everywhere,
and the water has to “flow” quickly, away, from the homes.
Warren’s archaic drain system simply can’t cope with today’s conditions.

~~~~ click on any of the images to enlarge them ~~~~~~~~~~~~

Gravity sewer basics

Gravity sewer basics


-
Gravity Sewer Profile

Gravity Sewer Profile


-
Lift Stations

Lift Stations


-
Pro and Con

Pro and Con


-
Design Construction gravity sewers

Design Construction gravity sewers


-
Gravity sewers

Gravity sewers


-
Gravity sewer slope

Gravity sewer slope


-
Gravity sewer math

Gravity sewer math


-
Lift station service area

Lift station service area


-
Lift station power cost info

Lift station power cost info

http://www.wadetrim.com/resources/conf/CE%20News_vacuum_gravity_sewer_systems.pdf

Infrastructure Costs

An article about Infrastructure Investment written by Chris Edwards
and posted on the Cato Institute website caught my eye.

A modern economy needs items that last a long time to form
- a foundation for other every day activities in society.
The private sector is quite often the heartbeat of these assets.

Infrastructure foundation

Infrastructure foundation

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Some may claim it is governments role to fund infrastructure.
A matter concerning efficiency of investment rears its ugly head.
Corruption, politics, mis-management all lead to cost overruns.
A quote from the article
“Privatization of infrastructure promises to improve efficiency,
reduce burdens on taxpayers, and spur badly needed growth”

Chris Edwards research discovered that
private infrastructure investment in the United States
is five times larger than total nondefense government investment.
Federal infrastructure investment has been known to be misallocated.
Agencies have burdensome regulations and no incentives for efficiency.

The essay goes on to say many countries have partly
privatized infrastructure through public-private partnerships
(“PPPs” or “P3s”).

A number of U.S. states have moved ahead with P3s and privatization.
“When private businesses are taking the risks
and putting their profits on the line,
funding is more likely to get allocated
to high-return projects and completed
in the most efficient manner.”

Apparently the P3 approach, i.e. design-build contracting approach,
guarantees the construction price and project completion schedule.
P3 projects typically experience capital cost savings
of 15 to 20 percent compared to traditional government contracting.
A Brookings Institution study noted “Many advantages of PPP
stem from the fact that they bundle construction, operations,
and maintenance in a single contract.
This provides incentives to minimize life-cycle costs”

There are barriers to private infrastructure investment.

An excerpt from the article :

Tax exemption on municipal bond interest.
When state and local governments borrow funds to build infrastructure,
the interest on the debt is tax-free under the federal income tax.
That allows governments to finance infrastructure at a lower cost
than private businesses, which stacks the deck against the
private provision of infrastructure.
Policymakers should consider phasing-out the tax exemption on
state and local bond interest, perhaps in exchange for reducing
other tax rates on capital income.

Income and property taxation.
Government facilities don’t pay income taxes.
By privatizing infrastructure and thus subjecting it to taxation,
governments would broaden the tax base.
They would gain added revenues from base broadening,
which could be used to reduce tax rates and
spur greater overall investment.

Federal regulations.
Federal regulations have restricted efforts to
privatize state and local infrastructure.

Labor Unions.
Privatization would undermine the power of the
public-sector unions that often dominate government services,
and so unions actively lobby against reforms.

The article goes on to conclude that in order to meet demands
for new infrastructure capacity there needs to be innovation
with privatization and PPPs to the full extent possible.

IGEMS in Macomb County

The Interior Geospatial Emergency Management System (IGEMS)
provides the public along with federal, state
and local emergency management, online maps containing
the latest available information on current hazards.
It is supported by the Department of the
Interior Office of Emergency Management.
http://www.doi.gov/news/pressreleases/geospatial-site-provides-ongoing-awareness-of-natural-hazards.cfm

IGEMS Map Services:

http://igems.doi.gov/ArcGIS/rest/services/igems_haz/MapServer
http://igems.doi.gov/ArcGIS/rest/services/igems_info/MapServer

IGEMS uses data provided by outside sources.
Esri, DeLorme, HERE, TomTom, USGS, NGA, USDA, EPA, NPS, NRCAN, AAFC

~~~~~~~ click to enlarge ~~~~~~~~~~~~

IGEMS in Macomb County

IGEMS in Macomb County


-
Entire Red Run
Entire Red Run and Clinton River

Entire Red Run and Clinton River

Gravity and sanitary drainage

A gravity fed drainage system relies on a gradient , an incline,
where one end of the pipe is at a higher level than another.

City of Warren storm drain

City of Warren storm drain

Over a distance of 1 mile (5,280 feet), one end of the pipe would have to be
100 feet deeper than the other for a 2 % slope in the drain pipe

It is expensive and time consuming to dig 100′s of feet
deep into the earth. Then crews have to make water tight connections
at 100′s of feet underground so that no leaks occur.
The deep pits would have to be safe and secure from cave-in
or collapse, preventing any possibility of death to a worker.

The 2 percent drainage slope

The 2 percent drainage slope

It all seems fairly straight forward and easy to comprehend.
Reality and economics come into play , gunking it all up.
Slopes which are slightly less than the recommended minimum slopes
— may be permitted —-.
The operating authority of the
sewer system will give written assurance to the
appropriate reviewing authority that any additional
sewer maintenance
required by reduced slopes will be provided.

Minimal slope for sewer pipes

Minimal slope for sewer pipes

http://10statesstandards.com/wastewaterstandards.html

The 10 states waste water standards

The 10 states waste water standards

Macomb County drain design criteria

Macomb County drain design criteria

In the end , it all comes down to COST, pure $$$ dollars.
A true statistical risk analysis of Mother Nature’s rainfall
on any given day, or week, is damn tough to predict.
Hopefully recent events and the in-inadequacies of 1950/1960 construction
methods can be overcome in the new projects and designs for the present day.
Tax payers need to realize infrastructure
is NOT the place for cutting corners or shortcuts.

Relief Drains for Warren, Michigan

Sanitary Relief Drains to cost $ 19 MILLION
The City of Warren will be constructing the following new sanitary
drains to relieve collection system surcharging during periods of
heavy rainfall or snowmelt.

12 Mile Road Relief Drain

Location: Within the 12 Mile Road right of way from its
intersection with the centerline of the St. Edmunds Drive right
of way, west to its termination point 155 feet west of the
centerline of the south Newport Drive right of way.
Map
http://www.arcgis.com/home/webmap/viewer.html?webmap=b6eac66f721043f6a20f76d3e75272d7&extent=-83.1727,42.4399,-82.8853,42.5431

General Description of Work: Installation of approximately 4,300
linear feet of 21” to 48” diameter sanitary drain, installation
of a double barrel siphon under the Schoenherr Drain,
interconnection of the existing sanitary drains in the work area
to the new sanitary drain, installation of approximately 4,200
linear feet of 12” diameter watermain complete with all service
transfers, fire hydrants, and gate wells, and replacement of all
affected roadway, driveways and sidewalks, and landscaped areas
disturbed by construction, inclusive of all engineering,
inspection, testing and permitting costs associated with the
execution and completion of the work.

10 Mile Road Relief Drain

Location: Within the 10 Mile Road right of way from a point 420
linear feet west of its intersection with the centerline of the
Hoover Road right of way east to its termination point 860 feet
east of the centerline of the Roan Road right of way.
Map
http://www.arcgis.com/home/webmap/viewer.html?webmap=b6eac66f721043f6a20f76d3e75272d7&extent=-83.1727,42.4399,-82.8853,42.5431

General Description of Work: Installation of approximately
3,400 linear feet of 36” diameter sanitary sewer, interconnection
of the existing sanitary drains in the work area to the new
sanitary drain, installation of approximately 3,400 linear feet
of 12” diameter watermain complete with all service transfers,
fire hydrants, and gate wells, and replacement of all affected
roadway, driveways and sidewalks, and landscaped areas disturbed
by construction, inclusive of all engineering, inspection,
testing and permitting costs associated with the execution and
completion of the work.

PROJECT COST ESTIMATES
Estimated Construction Costs,
Administration Costs, Easement
Acquisition and Engineering,
Inspection, Testing,
Permitting Financing Costs
(including Bond Discount)
and Contingency
—Not to Exceed $18,775,000 —

Period of Usefulness of the Project
Not less than 30 years from date of completion.

CITY OF WARREN
Macomb County, Michigan
CITY OF WARREN CAPITAL IMPROVEMENT BONDS, SERIES 2013
www.i-dealprospectus.com/PDF/1_60949.pdf‎

SECURITY FOR THE BONDS
The City agrees to pledge for the repayment of the Bonds
sufficient amounts of City taxes levied each year provided that
the amount of taxes necessary to pay the principal and interest
on the Bonds, together with the other taxes levied for the same
year, shall not exceed the limit authorized by law.

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