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Macomb County underground

The Interceptor drain project set the precedent
– a regional settlement of assets -
reached between DWSD and its suburban customers.

The City of Warren plays a pivotal role.
The Interceptor project (which Oakland County needs)
goes through Warren and Warren SHOULD be connected to it.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~ click to enlarge ~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Interceptor Project with Detroit

Interceptor Project with Detroit

U.S. Bankruptcy Judge Steven Rhodes said he will reveal
how much of a claim he will allow Macomb County
to use in voting as a creditor in Detroit’s bankruptcy.
The issue relates to the suburban county’s ongoing legal fight
to get repaid for what it says were gross overcharges
for repairs after a major sewer line collapsed
in Sterling Heights in 2004, creating a giant sinkhole.
Macomb County Public Works Commissioner Anthony Marrocco
in 2011 sued former Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick,
members of his administration, Kilpatrick friend
and contractor Bobby Ferguson and others over
the 2004-05 repair project that Marrocco claims
cost $26 million more than it should have
because of fraudulent overbilling.

The Interceptor was the beginnings of Regional Authority,
anyone who paid a bit of attention saw the writing on the wall.

The Macomb Interceptor Drain serves 522,000 people in 11 Macomb communities.
At the time the 11-foot sewer line collapsed near 15 Mile and Hayes in 2004,
the DWSD owned the lines, but Macomb bought the line in 2010
and now says fraudulently overbilled repair costs were passed on to the county.

WHY its called the OMID, is a mystery to me.
The project has a MASSIVE amount of content in MACOMB.
Oakland County needs this connection to prevent
itself from drowning in sewage and stormwater.

Oakland Macomb Interceptor

Oakland Macomb Interceptor

GLEAM and Michigan CSO Discharge

Detroit and the surrounding suburban communities need to do better.
We are polluting the very water we need DAILY to sustain ourselves.
No treatment plant is capable of scrubbing/cleaning/decontamination of
every chemical that shows up in the drinking water. They focus on just a few.
The rest of the chemicals slip by, to end up at your faucet, in your home.

Government does the bare minimum – by law
NOT the absolute maximum to protect you.

http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/unregulated-chemicals-found-in-drinking-water/

~~~~~~~~~~~~ click to enlarge pics ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

GLEAM mapping project

GLEAM mapping project


GLEAM CSO discharges

GLEAM CSO discharges

Second Circuit Upholds $104.7 Million Decision
–against Exxon Mobil for MTBE in City Water

-A federal appeals court July 26 upheld a $104.7 million damage
award against Exxon Mobil Corp. for pollution of
New York City water resources with the gasoline additive
methyl tertiary butyl ether.
-The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit ruled that
the Clean Air Act did not preempt New York tort law.
The court also said the case against Exxon Mobil was not
undermined by the low level of detected MTBE pollution
or the fact that the city was not yet
trying to make use of the affected waters.
-Exxon Mobil had argued, among other things,
that the Clean Air Act obligated its use of MTBE
because the New York City region
lacked sufficient supplies of alternatives, primarily ethanol.
-But the court said the jury at the lower court level
determined guilt not solely because MTBE
was used but because of other additional factors,
such as failure to exercise ordinary care in preventing spills.
-The ruling upheld a decision finalized in 2010
in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York
in a case brought against the company by New York City,
the New York City Water Board, and the New York City
Municipal Water Finance Authority.

-Source: Bloomberg BNA Environmental Reporter
7/26/2013 Breaking News
discussing In Re: Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (”MTBE”)
Products Liability Litigation, 2d Cir.,
Nos. 10-4135, 10-4329, 7/26/13)

Controlling the GWK Basin

The GWK Retention Treatment Basin has various controls
and monitoring abilities as a thunderstorm is a dynamic
event with a starting point, a middle, and an ending point.
Some days there are multiple rain storms, other days involve
prolonged steady rain over 24 hours or more.
Weather reports involving detailed radar images give an estimate
of the amount of rain expected, timing, duration, etc.

~~~~~~~~~~~ click to enlarge and read text ~~~~~

Control Panel GWK Retention Basin

Control Panel GWK Retention Basin

On the left side of the control screen you will see
blue arrows indicating the inlet weir.
Over the years , several weir modifications have been made.

Following the blue arrows, you will then see
4 Emergency Gates ( in white lettering )

Continuing on, in the middle, you see numerical readouts for items
North Weir West…….North Weir East
Weir Total Flow
South Weir West…….South Weir East

On the very far right of the control panel you’ll see
items for the Red Run Drain (upper right corner)
and items for the Dequindre Interceptor (lower right corner)

Historical background GWK basin

Historical background GWK basin

DETAILED Kuhn Retention Basin area

DETAILED Kuhn Retention Basin area

Inside the GWK basin

A view not released to the general media
showing the GWK Retention Basin UNDER-water
http://www.oakgov.com/water/Documents/gwk_11_aug_2014_wet_weather.pptx

~~~ CLICK to enlarge any of the images below ~~~~~~

GWK Drainage System

GWK Drainage System

Notice North Middle and South Branches

GWK System Map

GWK System Map

DETAILED Kuhn Retention Basin area

DETAILED Kuhn Retention Basin area

GWK retention basin design criteria

GWK retention basin design criteria

GWK design criteria

GWK design criteria

Notice the Emergency Broome Gates
-function as relief to allow more flow to enter
http://www.steel-fab-inc.com/gates-caterpillar.html

GWK original intake weir

GWK original intake weir

Notice Highway I-75 with Trucks in the background of pics
http://www.acecmi.org/2007awards/7.jpg

Flooded GWK Facility and grounds

Flooded GWK Facility and grounds

Red Run Kuhn Drain GWK Drainage Project 2

Red Run Kuhn Drain GWK Drainage Project 2

GWK facility underwater Aug 11 2014

GWK facility underwater Aug 11 2014

Notice the water height on Yellow Railings and Walls
http://www.greeningdetroit.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/Paul-Vachon-Water-Treatment-Plant-1.jpg

Red Run Feces Screen Part 1

Red Run Feces Screen Part 1

Red Run overflowed Mound and Van Dyke

Red Run overflowed Mound and Van Dyke

RedRun RyanRoad August11_2014 WarrenMichigan

RedRun RyanRoad August 11_2014 WarrenMichigan

Warren key role in Interceptor

Oakland and Macomb county don’t always play nice
regarding water flowing into Warren, Michigan.
Water always flows downhill, due to topography.

Maybe its time the RE-Negotiate what the
Red Run Inter-County District actually is,
who controls its operation, and who pays what part.

Warren has a pivotal role , as a gateway of sorts,
— for draining most of Oakland County .
If Warren sealed its border shut,
Oakland County would drown in its own waste.

Period,…… not a doubt in my mind.

The entire Interceptor Project hinges upon WARREN.
Warren must be connected to it, almost by default.
The city is basically doing Oakland County a favor, for free.
Oakland County depends on Warren, not the other way around.
Dequindre Road is the borderline between the two.

Oakland County needs Warren, and should pay a yearly
“”usage fee”” for the nasty wide open drainage channel
from the Kuhn Basin called the Red Run Drain.
Does Warren have a soccer field or golf course
— as a direct result of the 12Towns Drain / Kuhn Basin ?
History has recorded the one sided deal for eternity.
Does Warren have a Bike Path through a greenway ?

My parents moved to Warren in the 60’s and all they got from
Oakland County was a strong-smelling, non-recreational waterway,
with a repeatedly flooded basement, due to poor municipal planning
from BOTH counties. Now its time to pay for the sins of the past.

~~~~~~~~~~click to enlarge all the images below~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Politics Oakland Macomb

Politics Oakland Macomb

Oakland Macomb Interceptor

Oakland Macomb Interceptor

SouthEast Michigan Sewage Districts

SouthEast Michigan Sewage Districts

Sub Watersheds SouthEast Michigan

Sub Watersheds SouthEast Michigan

Average sewer overflow ?

Sanitary Sewer Overflow (SSO) Discharge Information
DEQ reports what is normal, average, expected, each year.
I’ll let you draw your own conclusions regarding rainfall,
flooding events at your house, and what is “”average“”.

Now if the government reports “”a problem”” consistently, repeatedly,
year after year , for almost a decade, WHY does the problem continue to occur ?
Is the government protecting you, or do you have to protect yourself;
— via insurance riders, electrical pumps, disinfectant, garbage removal.

If 5 million residents paid $10 a year more in taxes, that’s $50 million / per year,
for repairs, maintenance, equipment upgrades, etc. – think about it.
How much did the last flood cost you, and the one before it, and so on ?

http://www.michigan.gov/documents/deq/2012_SSO-CSO_Report_body_-_final_430872_7.pdf

SSOs are releases of raw sewage from separate sanitary sewer
collection systems, which are designed to carry
sanitary sewage – but not storm water.

SSO events can discharge untreated human and industrial waste,
toxic materials, debris, and disease-causing organisms
onto the ground or into our rivers, lakes, or streams.

What causes SSO – Rain – A simple thunderstorm causes SSO events
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sanitary_sewer_overflow

LOOK  – COUNT –  how many events were above average the past 10 years  ?

.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ click to enlarge ~~~~~~~~~~

Average Rainfall SSO Events Michigan

Average Rainfall SSO Events Michigan

SSO’s are illegal – and usually constitute a serious environmental and
public health threat. Sewage discharges into basements may also occur,
but these events are not required to be reported to the DEQ
for entry into reports under Section 324.3112(a) of the NREPA.

Chronic SSO’s can also occur when sanitary systems are too small
to contain all the sanitary wastewater that is in the sewer system.
SSOs can result from system deterioration due to the age
of the sewer system and resulting excessive rain water inputs to the system.

DEQ SSO CSO Michigan map

DEQ SSO CSO Michigan map

Understanding RADAR and rain

How well do you understand what you see on a “radar image” ?
Do you really know how far away you are from the radar dome ?

~~~~ click to enlarge ~~~~~~~~~~~

Radar locations near Warren

Radar locations near Warren

It is best to use the TDWR radar in conjunction with
the traditional NWS NEXRAD doppler radar to insure nothing is missed.

Detroit Metro Airport – Composite Reflectivity -
ENHANCED Radar Image from National Weather Service
http://radar.weather.gov/radar.php?rid=dtx&overlays=11101111&product=N0R&loop=no

Weather Underground – Detroit Metro Airport -
TDWR High Definition – Composite Reflectivity
http://www.wunderground.com/radar/radblast.asp?ID=DTW

The National Weather Service has around 155 NEXRAD
doppler radar stations across the USA (usually near airports)

These NEXRAD stations can detect most precipitation
within approximately 90 mi of the radar,
and intense rain or snow within approximately 155 mi.

Radar and reflection

Radar and reflection










Radar on the web is usually from the local
NWS Doppler radar (NEXRAD).
The image you look at online is made up of
several different images from a series of radars.

Radar at various tilt levels

Radar at various tilt levels

























When a radar scans the atmosphere for storms,
it tilts at different elevations.
The Doppler Radar’s maximum tilt elevation is 19.5 degrees.

– So when a storm is near or over the radar site, data is unavailable

Radar Cone of silence

Radar Cone of silence

Base reflectivity only shows reflected energy
at a single elevation scan of the radar.

Composite reflectivity displays the highest reflectivity
of ALL elevations scans.

So, if heavier precipitation, is higher in the atmosphere,
– over an area of lighter precipitation
(the heavier rain that has yet to reach the ground),
the composite reflectivity image will display
the stronger dBZ level.

This occurs often with severe thunderstorms.
The updraft, which feeds the thunderstorm with moist air,
is strong enough to keep a large amount of water aloft.
Once the updraft can no longer support the
weight of suspended water , then the rain intensity at the surface
increases as the rain falls from the cloud.

~~~~ click to enlarge ~~~~~~~~~~~

TDWR radar

TDWR radar

The Terminal Doppler Weather Radar (TDWR) is an
advanced technology weather radar deployed
near 45 of the larger airports in the U.S.A

TDWR at Detroit Airport KDTW
(Simply scroll down until you see Detroit DTW)
http://somdweather.com/radartdwr.shtml

The newer Terminal Doppler Weather Radars are higher resolution,
and can “see” details in much finer detail close to the radar.
Thanks to a collaboration between the National Weather Service (NWS)
and the FAA, the data for all 45 TDWRs is now available in
real time via a free satellite broadcast (NOAAPORT).
Some systems call them “High-Def” stations.

The Weather Underground maintains a NOAAPORT satellite dish
which continuously ingests the Level III NEXRAD radar data
directly from the National Weather Service Doppler radars.
http://www.wunderground.com/radar/help.asp?

* The TDWR rainfall products generally underestimate precipitation,
due to attenuation problems.
TDWRs use shorter wavelengths to see details as small as 150 meters
along the beam, at the radar’s regular range.
This is nearly twice the resolution of the NEXRAD doppler radars.

*The most serious drawback to using the TDWRs is the
attenuation of the signal due to heavy precipitation falling near the radar.
Since the TDWRs use the shorter 5 cm wavelength,
which is closer to the size of a raindrop
than the 10 cm wavelength used by the traditional radar,
the TDWR beam is more easily absorbed
and scattered away by precipitation.
*This attenuation means that the radar cannot “see” very far
through heavy rain.

It is often the case that a TDWR will completely miss
seeing tornado signatures when there is heavy rain
falling between the radar and the tornado.
Hail causes even more trouble.

It is best to use the TDWR radar in conjunction with
the traditional NWS doppler radar to insure nothing is missed.

Detroit Metro Airport – Composite Reflectivity -
ENHANCED Radar Image from National Weather Service
http://radar.weather.gov/radar.php?rid=dtx&overlays=11101111&product=N0R&loop=no

Weather Underground – Detroit Metro Airport -
TDWR High Definition – Composite Reflectivity
http://www.wunderground.com/radar/radblast.asp?ID=DTW

Michigan Water Security

Water Infrastructure and Public Info can be problematic.
Understanding how and why flooding occurs, is hampered by
non-transparent resources in many Michigan cities.

WaterISAC – The Water Sector’s Official Threat & Preparedness Resource

Increasing Safety and Resilience:
Understanding the Threat to Water Infrastructure

Water Security Summit
Michigan AWWA Section
June 4, 2013

Overview of WaterISAC

Security and emergency response tools and resources to help
improve safety and resilience in an all hazards environment

The current physical and cyber threat environment
facing water and wastewater utilities

Recent security incidents

What and where to report

WaterISAC’s mission is to provide water and wastewater
utilities and the federal, state, and local government agencies
responsible for water security with the information and tools
needed to prevent, detect, respond to, and recover from all
hazards.

Background

Authorized under the Bioterrorism Act

Launched in 2002 by utility managers as a non-profit

Designated the official communications/operations arm of
the Water Sector Coordinating Council

The only centralized, real-time source for water sector
security and emergency management information

Membership

More than 3,500 Pro members; 8,000 Basic members

Water and wastewater utility staff

State drinking water, public health, and environmental agencies

DHS, EPA and FBI staff

Fusion centers and law enforcement personnel

State and local security and emergency response agencies

All applicants for membership are vetted.

Partners

U.S. Dept. of Homeland Security

FBI , U.S. EPA , FEMA , Centers for Disease Control

National Weather Service/NOAA

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

National, State Water Associations

Law Enforcement and Intelligence Fusion Centers

Private Intelligence Organizations

Searchable library of Library more than 2,500
papers, reports, guidance, and best-practice documents
including sensitive intelligence products
designated FOUO and U.S. Eyes Only.

Problem: Need to improve employee emergency
preparedness. . . on a tight budget.
Solution: Browsing the WaterISAC Pro library
reveals self-directed training programs
and courses hosted by water industry associations, DHS, and EPA.

Contaminant Databases

Contaminant databases maintained by private scientific
institutions and U.S. EPA

Assessment Tools

Problem: Your Emergency Response Plan lacks procedures
for a power outage.

Solution: The U.S. EPA’s Tabletop Exercise Tool for Water Systems
contains multiple natural-hazard scenarios.
Run the tool from the WaterISAC portal and
gain valuable lessons to improve
your emergency preparedness posture.

Webcasts & Training

Problem: Staff need NIMS-certification for disaster recovery funding.

Solution: Review NIMS training webinar series to prepare for online examinations

Problem: Convince city manager of risks from malicious insiders

Solution: Listen to the recording of the Mesa, AZ webcast
on attempted destruction of wastewater treatment plant

Member-to-Member Dialog

Online discussions , Networking , Content creation

Problem: An employee is exhibiting emotional distress,
and you are concerned about where that could lead.
You want to know how other utilities have handled such situations.

Solution: You start a discussion thread or identify
relevant contacts through the personal profile pages
on the WaterISAC secure portal.

Intelligence Analysts

Email — analyst@waterisac.org

24-Hr Hotline 866-h2o-isac

Problem: Suspicious vehicle repeatedly passing your front gate.

Solution: Contact the WaterISAC analyst, who reviews recent incident
reports for possible trends and contacts other utilities/partners.

Problem: In the aftermath of a disaster, you’re having trouble getting
the attention of your state EOC and FEMA.

Solution: Call the WaterISAC analyst who uses his contacts to put you and
the relevant authorities in touch with each other.

Threat & Incident Alerts

Problem: A hurricane or tsunami is approaching your location.

Solution: Storm tracking and infrastructure impact
assessments sent from WaterISAC enable you to
implement your emergency response and business continuity plans,
ensuring that your employees are in safe
locations and appropriate alternate power sources are standing by.

WaterISAC Sensitive and Proprietary Threat Analysis

Potential Attack Scenarios

Physical

Contamination

Cyber

Potential Perpetrators

Terrorists, including homegrown violent extremists and domestic
terrorist organizations of varying ideologies

Insiders , Criminals and vandals , Natural Disasters, Industrial Accidents

Increased identification of cyber vulnerabilities and attention to
industrial control systems by a variety of threat actors.

Economic conditions continue to make theft,
particularly of metal, an attractive target.

Open source technology resources may inadvertently identify
sensitive information

Malicious insiders with knowledge of critical operations or access to
sensitive information are significant risks.

In Inspire magazine, al-Qa’ida in the Arabian Peninsula has urged
Westerners to conduct attack in their own countries against a range of
targets, including critical infrastructure.

Attacks by violent, single-issue extremists and active shooters
represent a largely unspecific threat

Prepared by WaterISAC’s intelligence analyst, based on:

Unclassified information discussed in briefings with U.S.
Government intelligence analysts, and

Incident reports submitted by WaterISAC members and law
enforcement agencies.

In the first half of this year, WaterISAC received reports of the
following suspicious activities and incidents at water utilities:

Physical Intrusion

Sabotage / tampering / vandalism

Cyber incidents

Theft

Suspicious encounters

Specific Incidents

Insider Attack/Intrusion/Theft
The thief circumvented the intrusion alarm system at a pump site by breaking
into a HVAC vent, gaining access into the facility without activating any alarms.
The suspect stole copper wire and caused the disinfection system to stop running.
Police and utility believe an insider was involved due to knowledge of protocols.

Verbal Threat/Contamination
An individual mentioned to local convenience store employees how easy it
would be to cause trouble by contaminating the local water supply, specifically
with gasoline. Investigation determined the suspect had been arrested for making
threats against other infrastructure in the area, prompting federal charges.

Suspicious Encounter/Observations
Police and state homeland security investigated an individual who was stopped
while flying a remote controlled helicopter with GPS and camera over a dam that
provided source water for a local utility.

Incident Reporting

Timely, detailed incident and suspicious activity reporting is key to our
collective security

Enables greater and more effective incident notifications

Building library for tracking and analysis

Design and implementation of protective measures

Report an incident to WaterISAC

http://www.waterisac.org

analyst@waterisac.org

1-866-426-4722 x 3

Contact Information

Eric Meyers
Lead Analyst

202-331-0479
866-H2O-ISAC x 3
analyst@waterisac.org
http://www.waterisac.org

1620 I Street, NW, Suite 500
Washington, DC 20006

What goes into Kuhn Retention Basin ?

Why does WARREN have floods far too often ?

The peak flow of the GWK Retention Basin
is approximately 6,700 cfs and
the detention time is around 31 minutes.
http://pbadupws.nrc.gov/docs/ML1126/ML112620177.pdf

A mere 1 inch rainfall on a 1,000 sq ft parking lot = 623 gallons of water

750 gallons = 100 cubic feet

So the Kuhn Basin handles something like 50,000 gallons per second
– coming at it from the North, Middle and South of Oakland County

Oakland Mall alone has parking for 8,500 vehicles.
Oakland Mall is 1.5-million-square-foot area.
Oakland Square is 220,726-square-foot east of the mall.
Oakland Plaza is 161,797-square-foot across from the mall.
Real estate info brochure http://bit.ly/OaklandMall

THINK where the rain falls : concrete, asphalt, roofs, roads
and ALL that water must finds its way into the drains
and flow into the Clinton River – for BOTH Counties.

What happens to people Downstream as the Red Run Drain fills up ?

Take a close look for the DEQUINDRE INTERCEPTOR ;
think about how much capacity it might handle;
as it flows into Detroit.

~~~~~~~~~~~ CLICK to enlarge and read ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

DETAILED  Kuhn Retention Basin area

DETAILED Kuhn Retention Basin area

Oakland Mall area

Oakland Mall area

Population predictions from 2003

Population predictions from 2003

Operating the GWK Retention Basin

The George W. Kuhn Retention Treatment Basin expansion
had final construction completed in 2006 .

This storage system can hold up to 124 million gallons
of combined sewage – for later release.

The existing inlet structure receives flow
from the North, Middle and South sections
of the GWK Drainage System.

The sewage flow is normally discharged by gravity
to a 60-inch diameter sanitary sewer located upstream.
The sanitary sewer can discharge up to 100 cfs
— under surcharged conditions.
The 60-inch sewer discharges to the 12-Mile Road interceptor.

During wet weather periods, discharge to the sanitary sewer continues
and excess flow is stored in the system
— until the hydraulic gradient rises to the inlet weir elevation.

Approximately forty-two separate storm sewers and
two combined sewers from the City of Madison Heights,
and a sanitary sewer from Hazel Park
are directly connected to the RTF sidewalls.

The inlet weir structure includes
two motorized 18-foot wide roller sluice gates,
referred to as “broome gates”.
The broome gates function as hydraulic relief
to allow more flow to enter the RTF.

Currently, the Broome gates open whenever
the level over the inlet weir exceeds two feet.

Dry weather sewage flow from the GWK drainage district
is discharged to the DWSD sewer system via
the SOCSDS’s Dequindre Road interceptor.
The Dequindre interceptor serves as an outlet
for the combined sewers in the GWK Drainage District
and for the large separated sewer area in the
Cities of Troy, Hazel Park and Madison Heights.
The discharge through the Dequindre interceptor
is regulated at a contractual maximum rate of 260 cfs.

Technical Memorandum
Original Date: April 11, 2002
Revision Date: September 2003
Author: Tetra Tech MPS

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ CLICK to enlarge ~~~~~~~~~~~~~

GWK Flow Schematic Kuhn Retention Basin

GWK Flow Schematic Kuhn Retention Basin

Notice the elevation of 597 ft above sea level
-compare to the Ryan Road Bridge flood plain of 615 ft

Kuhn RTF Red Run Drain

Kuhn RTF Red Run Drain

Flood Plain Elevation Red Run Bridge

Flood Plain Elevation Red Run Bridge

Red Run Drain overtaking 5 Lane Ryan Road Bridge Warren

Red Run Drain overtaking 5 Lane Ryan Road Bridge Warren

Exact same bridge in 2011 – before the pedestrian walkway was added on

High Water Mark Ryan Road Red Run Bridge

High Water Mark Ryan Road Red Run Bridge

The exact same bridge at low water flow under Ryan Road in Warren

Grass Red Run near Heavenly Lane

Grass Red Run near Heavenly Lane

Ryan Road Red Run Bridge Warren Michigan

Ryan Road Red Run Bridge Warren Michigan

2014 Storm Water Summit

Interested in learning more about water and where it goes ?
This is an ALL DAY long event from 8:30am to 4:30pm

2014 Storm Water Summit

2014 Storm Water Summit

REGISTRATION LINK
http://events.r20.constantcontact.com/register/eventReg?llr=5jb6bgfab&oeidk=a07e9p00a230de3c2ec

Oakland County Water Resources Commissioner’s Office
Pure Oakland Water (POW)
(248) 858 – 0663

Overflow, Retention Basins, Watershed, CSO What Does It All Mean To Us?

Willi H2O:

Perspective from another writer, highlighting many of the same concerns I’ve mentioned , affecting Metro-Detroit residents

Originally posted on Truth Page:

Over flow, retention basins, watershed, CSO (combined sewer overflow) all terms that are thrown around to try and explain why our basements are flooding. So in an effort to understand things a little better myself I did some reading. Here are some things I’ve found out.

A combined sewer is the predominant type of sewer system in the metropolitan Detroit area, and all sewers within the city proper are combined sewers. Basically, a combined sewer is an older design, found in most large cities, that combines storm water runoff and sanitary sewage within a single system. In The Flow Spring 2010/Vol 10, No 2

All wastewater from the 76 suburban communities that purchase DWSD sewage service ends up in Detroit’s sewer interceptor pipes, said Terrance Moore, head sewage plant operator. Moore explained that water builds up and moves quickly through the system during a rainstorm. Water that goes to a…

View original 2,663 more words

Oakland vs Macomb in StormWater Wars

A few years ago I had some personal and written communication
with folks from the Oakland County Water Resources group
that were involved with the 12TownsDrain aka GWK aka Kuhn Basin.

The response back then was :

The Kuhn Retention Basin project was never intended
to reduce or eliminate actual flooding on the Red Run Drain
.”

All of the storm water that falls in southeast Oakland County
and southwest Macomb County must flow down the Red Run Drain
.”

The project did separate many of the storm water outlets
from the Retention Treatment Basin and redirected them into
actual storm drains thereby reducing the chances
of spilling combined sewage into the Red Run Drain
.”

The project greatly improved an ability to monitor
and disinfect the combined sewage in the event
of the basin spilling to the Red Run Drain
.”

Oakland County Water Resources
One Public Works Drive
Building 95 West
Waterford, MI 48328-1907

I believe Oakland County needs to dredge the Red Run deeper,
and look extremely hard at alternatives that – do not add -
water volume to the Red Run Drain or Clinton River.

Macomb County – should not be -
the stormwater dumping grounds
for Oakland County, period !
Residents of Warren and other communities
suffer immensely because Oakland County
FORCES the stormwater upon us.

Let Oakland County devise alternate solutions that don’t
punish the folks living on the other side of Dequindre Road.
Maybe Oakland County needs less golf courses and
more retention basin volume near the Red Run Drain.
Maybe they need to divert more flow to Detroit / Wayne County.
I am just a resident of Warren that has had enough of flooding
over the 50 years my parents owned a home near the Red Run.
YES, I said multiple, numerous, repeated, flooded basement issues !

CHANGE is needed, repeated flooding is documented,
and governmental offices are quite aware of it.

Oakland County Drainage

Oakland County Drainage

FEMA teams come to Macomb

FEMA representatives will be coming to Macomb County
to evaluate structural damage within the area.
Hopefully those residents hit hard with shifted foundations
will get some assistance from the Federal government agency

~~~~~~~~ click to enlarge ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

FEMA teams in Michigan

FEMA teams in Michigan

Veolia DWSD are old partners

According to a recent article in The Detroit News:
The international private water company Veolia
will review an optimization plan for DWSD.

Veolia is NOT new on the scene, and in fact has
been in and around DWSD back in 2011.

DWSD PC-781 May 2011

DWSD PC-781 May 2011


Veolia Water DWSD Contract PC-781

Veolia Water DWSD Contract PC-781

http://www.dwsd.org/downloads_n/projects_procurements/procurements/PC-781_addendum-3.pdf

Veolia has a 20-year, $1.5 billion deal to
manage The City of Indianapolis’ water system.
It is Veolia’s largest water contract in the USA.

Repeatedly releasing a flood

Government officials need the occasional memory refresher
to keep them on their toes over the years in office.

Warren has been FLOODED numerous times the past 50 years.
The internet helps to provide the documentation.
– Quite recently it occurred in 2008, 2011 and now 2014.

An absolutely MASSIVE amount of water is capable of
flowing via the Red Run Drain into the Clinton River.

It becomes a river 130 feet wide and 30 feet deep

Residents of Warren do remember, record, document, and distribute.
People living along the Red Run and Clinton at lower elevations
also clearly remember, record, and document their pain/suffering/loss.

History 2008 -
https://picasaweb.google.com/108590711667865641354/RedRunDrainRyanRoad

History 2011 -
On May 25, 2011 the George W. Kuhn Retention Treatment Basin
discharged approximately 1.6 BILLION gallons of combined sewage
into the Red Run Drain. according to the
Oakland County Water Resources Commissioner.

Red Run 130 ft Wide 30 ft deep

Red Run 130 ft Wide 30 ft deep

Elevation Ryan Road Bridge Red Run Warren

Elevation Ryan Road Bridge Red Run Warren

Side View Red Run Ryan Road Bridge

Side View Red Run Ryan Road Bridge

Flood Plain Elevation Red Run Bridge

Flood Plain Elevation Red Run Bridge

History 2011 – Red Run at Ryan Road Bridge

August 2014 – When Red Run at 620 ft or above
so are ALL the drains in the area.
Water will always find its own level regardless of topography

Ryan Road underwater Red Run Bridge Warren

Ryan Road underwater Red Run Bridge Warren


Red Run over banks Ryan Road Bridge Warren

Red Run over banks Ryan Road Bridge Warren


Red Run Drain overtaking 5 Lane Ryan Road Bridge Warren

Red Run Drain overtaking 5 Lane Ryan Road Bridge Warren


Water seeks its own level

Water seeks its own level


Green Water Level Various Pipes

Green Water Level Various Pipes


Architectural Water Level

Architectural Water Level

Major City Heat Islands and Rainfall

Temperatures in a city can be from 5 to 10 degrees higher
than that of the surrounding rural areas.
This is the urban heat island (UHI) effect.
http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2000/essd16mar_1m/

In a recent study, NASA employed the TRMM
(Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission) satellite to analyze
the rainfall distribution over major cities in the U.S.
The remote sensing data showed that the heat island effect
increased summer rain – over and downwind of major cities.
The rainfall in those two primary areas
exceeded rainfall in the downwind locations
by 48 percent and to as much as 116 percent.

As the air in the city warms two important factors occur,
the warmer air over the city rises faster
and a thermal gradient is created
between the city and the surrounding rural areas.
These two factors combine to create an area of convergence
and lead to an enhanced lifting of the airmass over the city.
The higher level of pollutants contained in this
rising urban airmass in turn leads to an increase
in the number of condensation nuclei in atmosphere.
All of these factors combine to create an increase
in clouds and under the right circumstances
an increase in the amount of rainfall.

Because the air over the city is warmer
it has the capacity to hold more moisture.
In order to produce the rain an ample supply
of moisture must also be available.
Because the air over the city is warmer
it has the capacity to hold more moisture
and it must be lifted higher in order to condense.
As you reach the outer edges of the city
that capacity decreases due to the
gradual decrease in temperature.
The rain or thunderstorm that develops downwind
is a result of the moisture rich airmass
that was once in place over the city
has now drifted into an airmass of cooler temperatures
thus increasing the relative humidity
of this incoming parcel of air
which in turn increases its ability to produce precipitation.

Areas most likely to receive precipitation
will be in and around the city
or in the downwind location.
The most likely time for precipitation will be
near the peak of the daytime maximum temperature.
Monitoring temperatures, surface winds, area dew points,
and water vapor imagery will help with identifying
moisture rich areas thus giving the forecaster
an idea of areas to target for potential
rain or thunderstorm development.
Research has shown that the heaviest areas of precipitation
will occur in the city or in the downwind locations.

Learn more at :
http://www.epa.gov/heatisland/resources/news.htm

StormWater and WasteWater Treatment Plants around Metro-Detroit.

Waste Water Treatment Plants Map

Waste Water Treatment Plants Map

SouthEast Michigan Sewage Districts

SouthEast Michigan Sewage Districts

What is the GWK Basin for Red Run ?

The George W. Kuhn Retention Basin in Madison Heights
for Oakland County stormwater into the Red Run Drain,
tributary of the Clinton River flowing to Lake St. Clair

Overview Red Run Kuhn Retention Center

Overview Red Run Kuhn Retention Center

Overview Map Red Run Kuhn Retention facility

Overview Map Red Run Kuhn Retention facility

Kuhn RTF Interceptor Drains

Kuhn RTF Interceptor Drains

Kuhn RTF Red Run Drain

Kuhn RTF Red Run Drain

Red Run assessment roll 2010-2014

Red Run assessment roll 2010-2014

CSO Before Labor Day 2013 - 12 Towns Drain & Warren

CSO Before Labor Day 2013 – 12 Towns Drain & Warren

Warren Macomb Disaster Emergency Situation

The Federal Goverment DOES NOT RECOGNIZE
the City of Warren 48092 as
Disaster Emergency area
as of Thursday August 14, 2014

- It is strictly on a State Level with Governor Snyder.

There is no FEMA Disaster Assistance,
they will not do anything
until the President steps in.

I verified this personally via phone call
with an authorized representative of FEMA

https://www.disasterassistance.gov/

1-800-621-3362
FEMA – Federal Emergency Management Agency

State of Emergency Declared

~~~~~~~~ click to enlarge document ~~~~~~~~~~~~

Macomb State of Emergency Declaration

Macomb State of Emergency Declaration

http://media.macombgov.org/sites/default/files/content/pdfs/news/EM-Aug13MacombCountydeclaresstateofemergency.pdf

Drain Commissioner for Macomb County

Contact : Macomb County Drain Commissioner

Macomb County Drain Commissioner

Macomb County Drain Commissioner

http://www.macombcountymi.gov/PublicWorks/

The public meeting date schedule for Macomb County

Macomb Drain Meeting Dates

Macomb Drain Meeting Dates
























Meetings between Macomb And Oakland County Drain officials
are often combined; being held in Waterford, MI

Intertwined Water Resources Macomb Oakland

Intertwined Water Resources Macomb Oakland

Jim Nash is the Oakland County Drain Commissioner,
and he has the responsibility of planning,
developing and maintaining designated surface water drainage systems
in Oakland County under Michigan State law

Jim Nash
Water Resources Commissioner – WRC
One Public Works Drive, Building 95 West
Waterford, MI 48328-1907
Phone:
248-858-0958 – WRC Main Number
248-858-1066 – WRC Main Fax Number
248-858-1110 – Water & Sewer Billing

http://www.oakgov.com/water/Pages/contact/default.aspx

More Rain – More Pain

Plan on More Rain – More Pain – August 12 Warren MI

More Rain More Pain August 12 Warren MI

More Rain More Pain August 12 Warren MI

~~~~~~~~~~~~~ click to enlarge ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

USGS Gauge Clinton River Michigan

USGS Gauge Clinton River Michigan

Forecast for Tuesday, Aug. 12
Our Tuesday will be mostly cloudy with spotty showers
and thunderstorms more likely to fire up in the afternoon.
Highs in the mid 70s.
West-southwest wind at 8 to 13 mph.

Elevation 620 ft NorthWest Warren Red Run

Elevation 620 ft NorthWest Warren Red Run

Red Run at Ryan Road flooding Aug 11th

A normal water level for Red Run under the Ryan Road Bridge
in Warren Michigan during the summer months.

~~~~~~ click with mouse to enlarge picture ~~~~~

Wooden structure attached to bridge

Wooden structure attached to bridge

What I saw at around 8:00pm on August 11, 2014 same location

~~~~~~~ click with mouse to enlarge picture ~~~~~

RedRun RyanRoad August11_2014 WarrenMichigan

RedRun RyanRoad August 11_2014 WarrenMichigan

~~~~~~~ click with mouse to enlarge picture ~~~~~

Aug. 11, 2014 RyanRoad RedRun WarrenMI

Aug. 11, 2014 RyanRoad RedRun WarrenMI

The bridge is about 130 ft wide and it has seen
multiple close calls over the past 20 years.

Side View Red Run Ryan Road Bridge

Side View Red Run Ryan Road Bridge

Location Ryan Road Red Run Bridge

Location Ryan Road Red Run Bridge

High Water Mark Ryan Road Red Run Bridge

High Water Mark Ryan Road Red Run Bridge

High Water Red Run Drain Ryan Road

High Water Red Run Drain Ryan Road

Major Flood Stage Clinton River 2008

Major Flood Stage Clinton River 2008

Red Run Clinton River Macomb County

Red Run Clinton River Macomb County

Oakland to use Cass Lake as Spill Reservoir ?

People tend to forget WHAT connects to the Clinton River
eventually ends up in Lake St. Clair
near Harley Ensign Marina
(http://binged.it/1oVk43z)

~~~~~~~~~~~ Click to ENLARGE the pic below ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Clinton River into Lake St Clair

Clinton River into Lake St Clair

Just because people don’t go to the beaches or lakes
when it rains outside – DOES NOT MEAN there is no pollution.
Of course little or nothing comes out of a drain when its
very sunny, hot and dry outside, so people don’t notice it.

Up to half of the Clinton Rivers flow
is WasteWater from multiple municipal sewage treatment plants
that have “”issues”” during hard rainfall events in the summer.

~~~~~~~~~~~ Click to ENLARGE the pic below ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Priorities Michigan

Priorities Michigan

MAYBE the stormwater/wastewater overflow from OAKLAND COUNTY
should go into a large lake on that side of town, like Cass Lake,
or Orchard Lake and use THAT as a temp storage overspill reservoir.
Then it could trickle back, thru Crystal Lake, by the Municipal Golf Course in Pontiac.

Once you look at a map it becomes quite obvious why
Pontiac WasteWater Treatment Plant will NEVER use
Cass Lake or Orchard Lake as their OverFlow Reservoir,
– Yet the Clinton River is perfectly acceptable.

~~~~~~~~~~~ Click to ENLARGE the pic below ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Sewage Reservoir Cass Lake Oakland County

Sewage Reservoir Cass Lake Oakland County

How much MORE water can Oakland County expect to put into the
Clinton River without seeing a flurry of flooding events ?
History clearly documents the past flooding events !

~~~~~~~~~~~ Click to ENLARGE the pic below ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Major Flood Stage Clinton River 2008

Major Flood Stage Clinton River 2008

Interceptor Project, Utica, Shelby, Sterling Heights

A request for bids recently went out for work in the
Oakland Macomb Interceptor Drain Drainage District (OMIDDD)
involving Segment 4 Repair, Contract No. 5.
The work performed is along Utica Road for the sections
PCI-9 and PCI-10A/B of the Oakland Macomb Interceptor.
On September 11, 2014, the bids will be opened in Waterford,
via offices of The Oakland County Water Resources Commissioner

Interceptor Project with Detroit

Interceptor Project with Detroit

Detailed G & H Landfill Site

Detailed G & H Landfill Site

The interceptor project encroaches upon the nature preserve
created basically from the toxic G & H landfill now overseen by
Environmental Contractor – CRA Environmental Services.
Conestoga-Rovers & Associates Inc.
14496 Sheldon Road, Suite 200
Plymouth, Michigan 48170
Phone: (734) 453-5123
Fax: (734) 453-5201

CRA CLIENT: G&H LANDFILL PRP GROUP
DURATION: 1993 – ONGOING
COST so far $16 MILLION

Phase 5B will be awarded and executed
only if and when Federal Financing is obtained.

Work items for both phases of Contract No. 5 include the following:

Phase 5A
– Construction of permanent gravel roadways.
– Construction of temporary crossings.

Phase 5B
– Construction of 2 access shafts.
Repair hole in the PCI-9 interceptor.
– Repair visible reinforcement and where reinforcement outline is visible.
– Inject cementitious grout (from in tunnel) in areas with
suspected voids surrounding the interceptor;
seal running and gushing leaks with chemical grout.
– Access manholes modification/restoration.
Repair localized crack/fracture using chemical grout.
– Interceptor lining of selected locations.
– Interceptor lining at meter tap locations.
– Perform CCTV inspection after completion of repairs.
Sewage flow management.

Previous studies of the existing Interceptor have shown
microbial induced corrosion (MIC) which now needs repair
to prevent future catastrophic failures.

Clinton River – Sewer Service Oakland County

Do you understand what the acronym COSDS stands for ?
The Clinton River is crucial to the Oakland County Sewage Disposal plan.
The City of Pontiac also plays a very crucial role to the service system.

COSDS Clinton Oakland Sewage Disposal System

COSDS Clinton Oakland Sewage Disposal System

~~~~~~~~~~~~ click to enlarge ~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Sewer Service Clinton River Oakland County

Sewer Service Clinton River Oakland County

Notice how the layout of the COSDS follows the Clinton River and how
the 12 Towns Drain from Oakland County aka the Red Run enters the
Clinton River from Warren, ALL of which flows to Mt. Clemens and Lake Erie ?

~~~~~~~~~~~~ click to enlarge ~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Interceptor Construction Staging Areas

Interceptor Construction Staging Areas

The COSDS plays a major role for THE INTERCEPTOR which flows
through The City of Warren into Detroit – linking everyone.
The 3 counties are intertwined and interconnected.
No one entity can easily or truly, go solo.

~~~~~~~~~~~~ click to enlarge ~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Oakland Macomb Interceptor

Oakland Macomb Interceptor

Put all the puzzle pieces together to get the BIG picture
of how sewage flows out of Oakland County into Macomb County

SouthEast Michigan Sewage Districts

SouthEast Michigan Sewage Districts

Surface currents Lake St. Clair

Surface currents Lake St. Clair

Hopefully people see how it all fits together and why it is
crucial and imperative to really have high standards for sewage output
— as it becomes our clean water intake

Red Run drinking water connection

Red Run drinking water connection

Fully comprehend/understand exactly what the media reports
on the internet, in the newspapers, on radio and on television.
Put the pieces together to form your own conclusions.
Green is not always the color of money as Ohio recently found out.
Apparently what is in place NOW, is not functioning all that well.

Aerial photo of Lake St. Clair as Clinton River dumps sediment/nutrients/sewage in
Clinton River at Harley Ensign Marina, north of Metro Beach.

Clinton River Harley Ensign Marina

Clinton River Harley Ensign Marina

COSDS Part One

COSDS Part One

Oakland and Macomb County act as one

It’s quite evident that BOTH counties are heavily inter-twined
regarding all aspects of clean drinking water and the disposal
of stormdrain/wastewater.
The two counties are in lockstep with one another.

A typical scenario and typical memo where both counties
are merged at the hip regarding “”local”” issues where
the meeting site is in Waterford,Michigan :

Intertwined Water Resources Macomb Oakland

Intertwined Water Resources Macomb Oakland

Traditional Drain Map

Traditional Drain Map

Red Run USACE Map

Red Run USACE Map

GIS Mapping Red Run

GIS Mapping Red Run

Flood Advisory August 4, 2014 Clinton River

FLOOD ADVISORY
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE DETROIT/PONTIAC MI
5:26 PM – MON – AUG 4 2014

MACOMB MI-WAYNE MI-
5:26 PM – MON – AUG 4 2014

THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE IN DETROIT/PONTIAC :

* URBAN AND SMALL STREAM FLOOD ADVISORY FOR…
EXTREME NORTHEASTERN WAYNE COUNTY IN SOUTHEAST MICHIGAN…
SOUTH CENTRAL MACOMB COUNTY IN SOUTHEAST MICHIGAN…

* UNTIL 8:30 PM

* AT 5:26 PM …NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE DOPPLER RADAR
INDICATED THUNDERSTORMS WITH HEAVY RAINFALL ACROSS
THE ADVISORY AREA.
DOPPLER RADAR ESTIMATED 1 TO 2.5 INCHES
OF RAINFALL OCCURING OVER THE LAST HOUR.

* RUNOFF FROM THIS EXCESSIVE RAINFALL WILL CAUSE
MINOR FLOODING TO OCCUR…
ESPECIALLY ALONG SMALL STREAMS AND
NEAR LOW WATER CROSSINGS.
SOME LOCATIONS THAT WILL EXPERIENCE
MINOR FLOODING INCLUDE ST. CLAIR SHORES.

Keep track of the Clinton River levels
http://water.weather.gov/ahps2/hydrograph.php?wfo=dtx&gage=fsrm4

The USGS gauge is over by 16 Mile Road and Garfield Road

USGS Gauge at 16 Mile and Garfield

USGS Gauge at 16 Mile and Garfield

What is Downstream from DWSD ?

The folks downstream from Detroit in Ohio are having
a rough time with their drinking water supply.
Maumee Bay State Park Lake Erie beach and other spots
has microcystin, a liver toxin via blue-green algae.
Wonder if they point the finger towards the DWSD ?

Toxic Algae Lake Erie

Toxic Algae Lake Erie

Will the government Re-Evaluate the Permits for DWSD ?
How will this affect negotiations with other cities
in the Metro-Detroit sewage region ?

DWSD IWCD Permit 923-91964

DWSD IWCD Permit 923-91964

DWSD DEQ Permit MI0022802

DWSD DEQ Permit MI0022802

Detroit (DWSD) Incineration of Sewage Sludge

What did you flush down the toilet today,
or wash down your driveway this week ?
Chemicals, metal particles off car, and human waste, right ?
Now multiply that by about 5 million people and include
all the industrial/manufacturing/production sites in town.

Incineration of “sewage sludge” aka biosolids,
is quite the continual complex balancing act,
involving numerous mechanical mechanisms,
and of course – attentive human operators.

The EPA has some guidelines to aid the operators of incinerators
Chapter 4 – Guide to Part 503 Rule
http://water.epa.gov/scitech/wastetech/biosolids/upload/2002_06_28_mtb_biosolids_503pe_503pe_4.pdf

EPA BUFFER requirements – restrictions on public access to biosolids.
– Exceptional quality (Class A) biosolids used in small quantities
have no buffer requirements or site access restrictions.
– Exceptional quality biosolids is the name given to treated residuals
that contain low levels of metals.
When used in bulk, Class A biosolids are subject to buffer requirements.
There are buffer restrictions for virtually all forms of Class B biosolids

~~~~~~~~~ click to enlarge any of the pics below ~~~~~~

Sewage Sludge Components

Sewage Sludge Components


Incinerator Pollutant Factors

Incinerator Pollutant Factors


Pollutant Limits Incineration

Pollutant Limits Incineration


Incineration Air Pollution Devices

Incineration Air Pollution Devices


Monitoring Frequency of Incineration

Monitoring Frequency of Incineration


Continuous Monitoring of Incineration

Continuous Monitoring of Incineration


Incineration Temperatures and Operation

Incineration Temperatures and Operation


RecordKeeping Requirements Incineration

RecordKeeping Requirements Incineration

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